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来源:好医典范    发布时间:2017年10月21日 00:19:37    编辑:admin         

Taurus金牛座 (4月21~5月21日)The Earth element of Taurus brings strength and the desire for solid ground form and structure.土相星座的特质让金牛座渴望并具有脚踏实地的能力。TIPS: You might be a little bit slow-witted, but your consistency will make it up.学习相 你也许反应有一点慢,但是你的坚毅会弥补这个缺点。 /201210/206600。

Sleep On, Sneeze Not 睡觉的时候不会打喷嚏 The signs are unmistakable: the eyes water, the chest heaves, the nose twitches, the body tenses, suspense builds until finally a sneeze blasts forth, concluding the drama. It's a momentarily paralyzing experience that can seize one at almost any time. 眼睛湿润,胸部隆起,鼻子一阵抽搐,身体紧绷,(身体)就这样待定着,到最后一个喷嚏响起,像是演了一出戏剧!这使得人的身体短暂麻痹,它几乎可以在任何时间让一个人给紧缩。 But try and recall if you've ever been jarred out of a peaceful sleep by an explosive sneeze. Chances are you can't, because, thankfully, we don't sneeze while we sleep. To understand why, first we need to know why we sneeze while we're awake. 但是,试想你曾经有过在安详的睡眠中被一个突然的喷嚏给震醒的情况吗? 你是不会有的,因为很庆幸,我们在睡觉的时候不会打喷嚏。要理解其原因,我们首先需要了解为什么我们会在醒的时候打喷嚏。 Sneezing is a reflex, which means that it's an uncontrollable physical response to an outside stimulus. When something, say a piece of dust or a strong odor, stimulates nerve endings in the lining of the nose, the stimulus travels to the central nervous system and is then routed back to the muscles of the face, throat, and chest. 打喷嚏是一种反射,也就是说它是一种生理对外界环境的反应,不可控制。有时候,像一颗尘埃或一股强烈的味道刺激了鼻子里的神经末梢,这个刺激就会到达中枢神经系统,继而再返回到脸部、喉咙和胸部的肌肉。 Once stimulated, these muscles go to work and cause us to forcefully expel air from the mouth and nose. Or, in other words, we sneeze. 这些肌肉一旦被刺激,它们就会运动,导致我们强有力的排出口腔和鼻子里面的空气。或者,换句话说就是打喷嚏。 Because the nose lining tends to swell when we lie down, making it even more sensitive to sneeze-causing particles, it would seem that sneezing would be likely during sleep. 因为在我们躺下的时候,鼻子里面部分趋于隆起,这使得它对引起打喷嚏的微小颗粒更加敏感。这样看来,似乎在睡觉的时候更容易打喷嚏。 However, since there is little airflow in most bedrooms at night, and little movement to stir up dust and other particles, the nose is not bombarded by as many foreign particles as it is during the day. 然而,由于我们的卧房里在晚上几乎没有空气流动,也没有什么运动会扬起灰尘及其它微粒,所以就不会有像白天那么多外界微粒来刺激我们的鼻子。 Furthermore, the area of the brain responsible for the sneeze reflex relaxes while we sleep. So, even when a particle does touch the nose lining, the brain doesn't notice, and we don't sneeze. 而且,当我们睡觉的时候,脑袋中负责打喷嚏反射的区域也休息了。所以,即使有微尘碰触了鼻子内部,大脑也没意识到,我们就不会打喷嚏。生词注释:twitch v. 抽搐,抽动,痉挛paralyze v. 使麻痹,使瘫痪reflex n. 反应,反射stimulate v. 刺激sensitive adj. 敏感的bombard v. 轰炸,攻击 /201110/156648。

;Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated.;Confucius;世上本无事,庸人自扰之。;孔子;The aspects of things that are most important for us are hidden because of their simplicity and familiarity.;Ludwig Wittgenstein;事物中于我们最重要的方面都由于它们的简单和熟悉而隐蔽不见;路德维希;维特根斯坦I love simplifying my life.我喜欢简化自己的生活。It makes me more effective and life less stressful. It makes me calmer, more energetic and happier.简约的生活能给我减压,让我更适于工作。我会因此变得更冷静,更有活力,更快乐。So today I#39;d like to share 42 ways to make your life simpler. I hope you#39;ll find something inspiring and helpful among these tips.因此,今天我要分享简化生活的42个办法。希望大家能在这些办法中找到一些能激发你的有用建议。1. Mix things up. Try the opposite. Have the vegetarian dish if you always go for the meat. Walk away from a stupid conflict instead of making it worse. Let one thing go if you often cling to things. Make a habit of mixing things up to grow your life in small or bigger ways. And to make it easier and simpler to step out of your comfort zone in general when you really need to.1.换个套路试试。去尝试下与你习惯相反的事物,如果你老是吃肉那就试试素食;不要持续无谓的冲突,趁事情变得更坏之前立即停止;如果经常抓着事情不放那就让它过去吧。在成长的过程中要养成这种习惯,能用各种不同方法去解决问题。同时要不断简化解决办法,提醒自己要步出习惯舒适区。2. Get up 20 minutes earlier. This will help you to reduce stress in the morning and during the rest of the day.2.提前20分钟起床。这将有助你在整个清晨和白天都减少压力。3. Be 10 minutes early for meetings and appointments. This will help you to make your time of travel a time of rest and relaxation instead of stressful. And you will not be late.3.提前10分钟到场参加会议或赴约。这会使你的行程有一段休息放松时间,否则你可能会感觉紧张。而且你也不会迟到。4. Single-task. You be more focused, less stressed and get to done more quickly. So do one thing at a time and do it with your full attention.4.一次只做一件事。这样你会集中精力去完成,而且不会背负压力,完成速度更快。因此一次只做一件工作,并且要全力以赴。5. Ask yourself: am I keeping things extremely simple? If not, figure out how you can do that in the situation you are in.5.问问自己:我是在简化这个问题吗?如果不是,找出在这种情况下你怎样才能简化问题。6. Ask yourself: will this matter 5 years from now? Or even 5 weeks from now? Do this to avoid making mountains out of molehills.6.问问自己:这件事真的有那么严重吗?或者根本没你想的那么可怕。这样做可以避免小题大做。7. Buy things with the money you have earned and saved. Avoid getting into debt.7.用你的存款或薪水去购物。这样不会负债。8. Learn a few recipes and cook. You#39;ll save money and probably eat healthier.8.学样新的食谱。这会给你省钱而且让你吃的更健康。9. When you cook, cook more than you#39;ll eat. This will help you to spend less time on cooking and washing dishes. And you#39;ll have an extra dinner or two to just reheat when you don#39;t have time or energy to cook.9.如果做饭的话,那就多做一点。这将有助于你不必花那么多时间做饭和洗碗。当你没时间或者没精力做饭的时候,热热饭菜来顿加餐就行了。10. Write things down. Pretty much everyone#39;s memory is leaky. So help yourself. Write down what you need to do or shop for today. Write down what your top 4 priorities in life are and post that note where you can see it every day.10.把事情记下来。几乎每个人都有忘事的时候,那么帮帮你自己,当你今天需要购物或者做什么事的时候记下来写在本子上。把你生活中最先要做的4件事写在便利贴上,贴在你每天都容易看到的地方。11. Remember that life is larger than you may think it is. You do not know everything and you are not always right. Remembering this makes it easier for me to learn things, to accept other viewpoints, to create changes and to stay more open.11.谨记生活比你想象的广阔。你不一定懂所有的事情,你也不会总是对的。谨记这个,可以让我愿意去学一些新的东西,接受别人的观点,做出改变,保持坦率。12. Risk making mistakes. Learn from them. Then do again with that helpful new experience and knowledge in mind.12.敢于冒出错的风险,然后从中吸取教训。当你有了有用的经验和知识以后,就可以重复这项工作了。13. Do what YOU really, really, really want to do. Do not get stuck in trying to live someone else#39;s dream.13.做你真正,真正,真正想做的事情。不要为了实现别人的梦而痛苦的活着。14. Go grocery shopping once a week. You#39;ll save money and time if you make the effort to plan for a week and to shop for it all at once.14.一周去一次杂货店。在去购物前如果你能列出计划,在购物时一次买清将为你节省时间和钱。15. Go grocery shopping when you not hungry. You#39;ll buy more healthy food instead of impulse buying yourself through the store.15.趁还不饿的时候去杂货店。这时候你会买更健康的食物而不是冲动性购买。16. Enjoy the simple pleasures. An apple, the latest episode of your favorite show, fresh and clean bed sheets, a hug and kiss, holding hands, the sun and blossoming nature after a long and cold winter.16.享受简单的乐趣。一个苹果,你心爱的电视剧集更新,刚换的干净床单,一个拥抱一个吻,牵手,漫长的严冬过后温暖的阳光和充满生机的大自然。17. Have a glass of water. Instead of eating when you are bored or when are having a craving have 1-2 glasses of water. This will help you to keep to those cravings away until the next meal and to maintain your health and weight.17.喝一杯水。当你烦闷或者想吃东西的时候不要立刻吃东西,试着喝一两杯水。这将帮助你赶走食欲,直到正餐时间。这样有利于你保持苗条和健康。18. Eat slower. Make your lunch time a time of relaxation rather than a time to just add to the stress of your morning. Try putting down the fork between bites to slow down the eating.18.慢食。把你的午饭时间变成一种放松和享受,而不是整个忙碌早晨的延续。试着在夹菜和咀嚼的过程中放下叉子,这能让你减少吃饭速度。19. Be kind. Be kind to other people and especially to yourself.19.善意待人。善意对待别人,特别是自己。 /201203/174746。

It#39;s time for a new year and a new you, but perhaps your heart is not in it this time around. Maybe you#39;re jaded from too many failed New Year#39;s resolutions, or maybe you#39;re just not feeling motivated these days. Here are a few reasons why you may not be feeling it:新年到了你也该有新面貌。但也许你的心还没有做好准备。也许你厌倦了太多失败的新年决心,也许最近你感觉没什么动力。下面几个原因告诉你你为什么没有动力。1. It#39;s medical.1. 身体原因。Check with your doctor to see if the reason for your lethargy is medically related. Perhaps you#39;re depressed or low on iron — there are plenty of medical conditions that can cause you to be too tired to be motivated, so try to figure out if a medical condition is the cause of it.去找医生做个检查,看看你的死气沉沉是不是和医学因素有关。也许你是抑郁或者缺乏铁元素——有许多身体原因都可以让你过于疲惫从而缺乏动力,所以要看看这是否是身体原因导致的。2. You#39;re comfortable.2. 你过得太安逸了。If your life is quite comfortable, you may lose motivation to push yourself to grow. Keep in mind that it#39;s always good to get out of your comfort zone, because that#39;s the only way you can improve yourself. Do something you#39;re hesitant about every week, and you#39;ll find yourself getting used to it or even looking forward to the challenge after some time. It can be something small like asking someone you just met out for lunch, or a bigger move like giving honest feedback to your boss.如果你的生活十分安逸,你也许会失去推动自己进一步成长的动力。记住,让自己跳出舒适区总是有益的,因为这是你自我提升的唯一办法。每周做一些自己迟疑不定的事,然后你会发现自己慢慢习惯,甚至过一段时间会开始期待挑战。这可以是一些小事,比如邀请某个刚刚认识的人共进午餐,也可以是一个大一些的举动,比如给你的老板一个诚实的反馈。3. Taking on too much.3. 对自己期待过高。If you set unrealistic expectations, you are setting yourself up for higher chances of failing, which can cause you to lose motivation. Make sure your goals are actually achievable before setting them.如果你设定了不现实的目标,那么你失败的可能性更大,这也会让你失去动力。在制定目标前先确保它们是可以实现的。4. You#39;ve given up.4. 你已经放弃了。After so many failures, you may be immune to tackling challenges. It can be scary to put yourself out there again, but the greater the risk, the greater the rewards! If you#39;re extremely gun-shy, take baby steps so you#39;ll feel more confident once you manage to score small achievements.经历过许多失败后,你也许已经不愿意面对挑战了。让自己再度面临挑战也许令人恐惧,但是风险越大,回报也越大。如果你极度害怕失败,那么先迈出一小步,当你取得一些小成就的时候就会感觉更自信。5. People around you.5. 你周围的人影响了你。Maybe you have someone in your life who brings you down, perhaps out of their own insecurities or maybe because they can#39;t adjust to the idea of a different you. Try to explain your reasons for attempting a change to them and ask for their support. If they can#39;t come to terms with it, perhaps it#39;s better to keep your distance until they come around.也许你的生活中有些人在拖你的后腿,也许是他们自己缺乏安全感,也许是因为他们不习惯接受一个不一样的你。试着向他们解释你试图改变的原因,并且寻求他们的持。如果他们无法接受,也许你最好应该和他们保持距离,直到他们明白过来为止。Remember, the first step to overcoming obstacles is to figure out what#39;s blocking you. Once you come to a better understanding, it#39;ll be easier to get going and find your motivation again.记住,克障碍的第一步是找出阻碍你的原因。一旦你清楚了这些原因,继续前进、重新找回动力就会更容易。 /201302/223761。

My boys are only 7 and 9, but the eye-rolling has begun. Last night I got it in spades. I started talking about what each color fruit and vegetable does for our bodies and why it is important to eat a rainbow of foods. Apparently, they have heard this too many times, because the minute I started talking they started rolling their eyes.我的两个儿子,一个7岁,一个9岁,但是我昨天晚上发现他们已经学会转眼珠了。我跟他们讲各种颜色的水果和蔬菜给身体带来的好处以及为什么我们要吃五颜六色的食物。很明显,他们已经听过太多次了,因为我刚一开始讲他们就开始转眼珠,表示很明白了。Because they are such experts, I asked whether they could please teach their toddler sister why each color food is good for her. I figured the timing was perfect, as she is learning her colors and body parts. They rolled their eyes at me again, asserting that a 1-year-old will not understand. But because they love to teach her anything, they went along with it. She relished all of the attention.因为他们几乎是专家级人物了,所以我问他们可不可以告诉他们刚学走路的为什么每种颜色的食物对她有好处。我觉得我小女儿这个年纪是了解这些知识的最佳时间,因为她正在学习各种颜色以及身体的部位。两个儿子又朝我转了转眼珠,坚定地认为一个1岁的小孩儿无法理解这么深奥的东西。但是因为他们喜欢教她一切事情,于是就陪她一起学。我的小女儿很喜欢两个哥哥的关心和照料。Here is what my boys told my daughter:以下就是我的儿子们告诉我的小女儿的事情。— Orange and yellow vegetables and fruits are good for your eyes, so if you want to see a baseball pitch coming your way or be able to at night, you should eat a lot of pineapple, yellow peppers and yellow summer squash.——橙色和黄色:橙色和黄色的蔬菜水果对于眼睛很有好处,所以如果你想要看清朝你飞来的棒球或者能够在晚上看书,你就应该多吃菠萝、黄辣椒以及黄色的西葫芦。— Blue and purple fruits and vegetables such as blueberries, blackberries, plums, eggplant and purple carrots have been shown to improve memory. If you want to remember all the things that Mom forgets, you should keep eating blue and purple foods.——蓝色和紫色:如同蓝莓、黑莓、李子、茄子和紫胡萝卜等蓝色和紫色的蔬果对于提升有很好的功效。如果你想要记住老妈忘记的所有事情,那你也应该坚持吃蓝色和紫色的食物。— Red foods, and unfortunately not the synthetic dyed ones, support your heart (by decreasing heart disease risk, preventing hardening of blood vessels and reducing inflammation). So eat lots of raspberries, strawberries, tomatoes and watermelon to help your heart pump.——红色:红色的食物(不包括那些人工染红的食物),能够使心脏运转正常,如降低得心脏病的奉献,预防动脉硬化以及减少心脏的炎症。所以多吃树莓、草莓、西红柿和西瓜等食物可以让你的心脏更健康。— Green vegetables are Mom#39;s favorites. They have been shown to help prevent cancer and other diseases, keep our blood healthy, and support the immune system that keeps us from getting sick. By keeping our blood healthy, green veggies give us energy, so eat lots of them if you want to keep up with your big brothers!——绿色:绿色蔬菜是老妈的最爱。据实,绿色蔬菜有助于预防癌症和其他疾病,保持血液健康以及保障免疫系统功能正常。通过使我们的血液保持健康,绿色蔬菜给我们带来能量。如果你想要赶上你的哥哥们,那就多吃绿色蔬菜吧!There are obviously more scientifically accurate reasons to eat your colors, but I thought my boys did a pretty good job. Life is colorful right now. The farmer#39;s markets are overflowing with yellow, orange, red, green and blue foods, so it couldn#39;t be simpler to eat the rainbow. And as I pointed out to my boys, it turns out it is not premature to teach a 1-year-old about nutrition. They just rolled their eyes.当然肯定有更多科学准确的理由来解释为什么要食用不同颜色的食物,但是我觉得我的两个儿子做得非常好。从现在起,生活中变得多。菜市场里随处可见黄色、橙色、红色、绿色以及蓝色的食物,所以吃得五缤纷十分容易。正如我跟儿子说的,事实明1岁就教孩子营养学的知识并不早。当然,我的两个儿子只是转了转眼珠。 /201207/192735。

Weight loss remains a major health issue for many of us despite the onslaught of weight loss tips and medical aids that surround us. Most of the contemporary solutions border on providing unrealistic weight loss solutions or are too time-consuming. Drastic dieting is never recommended since it can leave you malnourished and damage your body in an unredeemable manner. In order to lose weight naturally, i.e. without using any magic pill or gymming like a maniac, use the following tips:对很多人来说,尽管身边减肥的妙招和医疗辅助器材层出不穷,但是减肥依然是一大健康问题。目前大部分的减肥方案要么是太不切实际,要么是太耗时间。不推荐快速减肥,因为那样会让你营养不良,并会伤害你的身体,以后也无法弥补。想要自然地减肥,不吃任何魔法药丸或不想疯狂健身,可以采用下面的建议:Consider Whole Grains As Your Friends把全谷类食物作为朋友Try to eat a larger concentration of foods made from whole grains (rotis, whole wheat bs, cookies and oatmeal) rather than refined or processed foods. Whole grains are more complex for the body to metabolize, taking a longer digestion route. This keeps the body busy for a longer period, ensuring that energy is released throughout the day. This helps to decrease the frequency and intensity of hunger pangs, particularly the sugar cravings.吃一些富含谷物成分的食物(roti面包,全麦面包,饼干和燕麦)而不是精制或加工过的食物。全谷类食物的代谢较为复杂,需要较长时间才能消化。这样会让身体在较长的一段时间内忙着消化食物,并能保能量可以在全天得以释放。这会有助于减少饥饿感频度和强度,尤其是对糖分摄入的渴求。Psychological Preparedness做好心理准备Don#39;t be shy about your weight loss goals. In fact, use the people around you to your advantage. Announce it amongst your friends and family that they should thwart you every time you are headed for a bit piece of creamy cake or a cheese-loaded pizza.不要因为减肥而感到害羞。事实上,可以让身边的人来帮你减肥。告诉你的朋友和家人,让他们在每当你想拿奶油蛋糕或含有奶酪的披萨时都要阻止你。Know Your Food了解食物You need to be more alert when picking up packaged food items. Remember that non-saturated fats and essential fatty acids are the good kind of fats that your body needs for its basic functions. Food items bearing labels of low-fat or low-sugar might not necessarily contain lesser calories. Instead, try to make smarter substitutions. For instance, you can choose eggless baked items and juices without sugar.在选择包装好的食物时要更加警惕。请记住,非饱和脂肪酸和必需脂肪酸是对身体有益的脂肪,身体需要它们来完成基本的功能。标着低脂或低糖食物,卡路里含量不一定就少。你可以做出更加明智的选择。比如,你可以选择不加鸡蛋的烘烤食品或不加糖的果汁。Use Water As A Weight Loss Tool把水当减肥的工具Try to drink water every time you get hungry or you are about to have a meal, i.e. just before a major meal like a lunch or dinner. This is a simple and effective way of instantly quenching your hunger to a certain extent. More water also raises the metabolic rate or the rate at which the body uses calories, meaning you are losing more calories per hour.每次在你感到饿了或要吃饭的时候(比如在午饭或晚饭前)可以喝点儿水。这种方法既简单又有效,可以立刻在一定程度上减轻你的饥饿感。多喝水也会提升新陈代谢率,或身体利用能量的频度,也就是说,你每个小时会消耗更多的卡路里。Manipulate Yourself To Reduce Food Intake训练自己减少食物的摄入量Try to eat slowly, breaking your food into more bites. This will ensure that you derive more pleasure out of each bite, allowing each morsel to provide more satiety, ensuring your calorie intake at the dining table remain limited. Rather than taking single, big servings, try to take numerous small servings. This helps to establish the perception that you have been serving yourself repeatedly and also makes you more conscious about the amount of food you are about to consume.细嚼慢咽。这会让你每一口都会获得更多的乐趣,让你每吃一口都会有更多的饱腹感,这样你在餐桌上获取的卡路里含量就得到了控制。不要一次吃大分量的食物,而要一次少吃一点儿,多吃几次。这会让你觉得自己在不断地吃东西,会让你意识到你所消耗的食物量。Overcome Your Snacking Habits改掉吃零食的习惯Snacking is perhaps the biggest sin a dieter can commit. To ensure that you stay away from the urge to bite into a chocolate or cookie, keep your mouth busy with sugar-free chewing gum. Try to sip iced or hot herbal teas prepared with minimal amount of sugar throughout the day. These are low cal aids that help to establish the feeling of feeding yourself without consuming too many calories, preventing the urge to snack.吃零食是节食者会犯的最大错误。确保自己远离巧克力或饼干,可以在嘴里嚼无糖口香糖。喝冰镇的或者热的花草茶,里面尽量少放糖。这些低卡路里的食物会让你有饱腹感,压制住吃零食的冲动。Keep Away From Salt远离盐Salt is responsible for retention of water within the large intestine. Further, salt tends to keep our blood pressure high, making us more prone to sweating. These factors raise our thirst and the tendency to consume beverages, including teas and colas, which contain sugar.盐会吸收大肠中的水份。另外,盐会让我们的血压升高,让我们更容易出汗。这些因素都会让我们感到口渴,想多喝一些饮料,包括含糖的茶和可乐。Burn Your Sugars燃烧体内的糖分If you cannot do without your daily intake of sweet or sugar-concentrated items, try to snack upon them during the morning hours. This ensures that the body will be using the calories extracted from your favorite milkshake throughout the day, reducing the number of calories stored as fat.如果你每天都离不开糖果或含糖的食物,尽量在早晨吃掉它们。这样会确保在一天的过程中,你的身体从你最喜爱的奶昔中提取能量,会减少转化为脂肪的能量。Exercise Easily轻松运动You don#39;t need to take upon heavy gym routines to exercise your problem areas. For instance, climbing up and down the stairs is one of the easiest, most accessible types of cardiovascular exercise that works-out your hips, legs and thighs beautifully. Combine this with undemanding calorie-burners like brisk walks, walking to the nearby market, walking when talking on your mobile and taking upon more household chores.你不必去健身房锻炼。比方说,上下楼梯就是最简单最有效的锻炼心血管系统的方式,能够让你的臀部、小腿和大腿变得健美。再做一些容易的燃烧卡路里的运动,比如散步、走着去附近的市场、边打电话边走动、做一些家务等。Weight Loss Precautions You Shouldn#39;t Ignore不能忽视的减肥注意事项Maintaining your body frame is vital at the time of losing weight. Weight loss often causes loss of vital protein, weakening the muscles that are necessary to maintain the elasticity of our tissues. To ensure that you don#39;t lose too much of your lean muscle mass, ensure you consume egg whites on a daily basis. Avoid the yolk since it contains a high amount of cholesterol.在减肥时保持体形是非常重要的。减肥会导致身体缺少重要的蛋白质,使得维持身体组织弹性的肌肉变弱。为了让自己不要失去大量精瘦肌肉块,每天要吃一些鸡蛋清。尽量少吃蛋黄,因为里面的胆固醇含量较高。 /201209/199596。