松江区治疗祛斑价格飞度技术养生在线

明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年12月15日 00:54:31
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So my name is Amy Webb,我的名字呢,叫艾米·韦伯and a few years ago I found myself at the end几年前,我发现自己走到of yet another fantastic relationship又一段美好恋情的尽头that came burning down in a spectacular fashion.一切绚丽消逝And I thought, you know, whats wrong with me?你说我,到底怎么了?I dont understand why this keeps happening.真不懂,为什么每次都这样So I asked everybody in my life我就去问,身边的人what they thought.看他们,怎么想I turned to my grandmother,我找到,姥姥who always had plenty of advice,她总有,很多忠告and she said, ;Stop being so picky.她说 “别太挑剔了;Youve got to date around.“你得,多跟人谈谈;And most importantly,“还有,最重要的是“true love will find you when you least expect it.;“顺其自然,缘分始终会来的“Now as it turns out,而实际上Im somebody who thinks a lot about data,我这个人,总要找依据as youll soon find.这点相信你,很快会发现I am constantly swimming in numbers我总是沉浸在,数字当中and formulas and charts.长期和公式,图表打交道I also have a very tight-knit family,同时,我的家庭,非常和睦and Im very, very close with my sister,我和,关系特别好and as a result, I wanted to have所以,从小我就想the same type of family when I grew up.长大以后,要有一个温暖的大家庭So Im at the end of this bad breakup,所以这次分手,很伤心Im 30 years old,我当时30岁I figure Im probably going to have想着,起码要和下一任to date somebody for about six months交往6个月before Im y to get monogamous才能真正,确定关系and before we can sort of cohabitate,然后再考虑,搬一起住and we have to have that happen for a while before we can get engaged.之后再过段时间,才考虑订婚And if I want to start having children by the time Im 35,所以,如果想在35岁之前,要孩子that meant that I would have had to have been就意味着我必须on my way to marriage five years ago.提前5年为结婚做准备So that wasnt going to work.很明显,那行不通If my strategy was to least-expect my way如果换个思路 “顺其自然”等缘分into true love, then the variable that I had那么,我要面临的变数to deal with was serendipity.是运气In short, I was trying to figure out, well,简单来说,我想探个究竟,看看whats the probability of my finding Mr. Right?随缘偶遇真命天子,概率有多高Well, at the time I was living in the city of Philadelphia,当时我呢,住在费城and its a big city, and I figured,这是个大城市,所以我判断in this entire place, there are lots of possibilities.地方越大,机会越大So again, I started doing some math.接着我又开始,算数了Population of Philadelphia: It has 1.5 million people.费城人口:总共150万I figure about half of that are men,估计,一半是男性so that takes the number down to 750,000.有效人数,下降到75万Im looking for a guy between the ages of 30 and 36,我的目标是 30到36岁之间的男性which was only four percent of the population,他们,占这部分人口的4%so now Im dealing with the possibility of 30,000 men.算起来,可能剩下3万人I was looking for somebody who was Jewish,我要找,犹太人because thats what I am and that was important to me.因为我本身也是,这点很重要Thats only 2.3 percent of the population.他们只占,这部分人口的2.3%I figure Im attracted to maybe one out of 10然后,估计10个人当中,of those men,有1个我喜欢and there was no way I was going还有,我和爱打高尔夫的,to deal with somebody who was an avid golfer.完全合不来So that basically meant there were 35 men for me也就是说,对我而言that I could possibly date费城总共有35位男士,适宜约会in the entire city of Philadelphia.在整个费城!In the meantime, my very large Jewish family与此同时,我们犹太大家族was aly all married and well on their way其他成员,全部都结了婚to having lots and lots of children,而且还生了,很多很多孩子and I felt like I was under tremendous peer pressure所以我总有,巨大的压力和紧迫感to get my life going aly.要尽快解决,人生大事So if I have two possible strategies at this point这时候,我有两个办法Im sort of figuring out.我发现One, I can take my grandmothers advice一是,可以听姥姥的话and sort of least-expect my way尝试“顺其自然”into maybe bumping into the one碰上那一位out of 35 possible men in the entire在费城茫茫 150万人海中1.5 million-person city of Philadelphia,偶遇那35位男士,其中的一位or I could try online dating.又或者,我可以试试婚恋网Now, I like the idea of online dating,其实我挺喜欢,这个概念because its predicated on an algorithm,因为我们可以,用运算规则推算结果and thats really just a simple way of saying所谓运算规则,其实很简单Ive got a problem, Im going to use some data,当我们遇到问题,只要收集数据run it through a system放到系统里面,and get to a solution.就能找到解决办法So online dating is the second most popular way婚恋网,现在已经成为大家that people now meet each other,互相认识的,第二大途径but as it turns out, algorithms have been around不过,网站的运算规则for thousands of years in almost every culture.在几千年前,就可以找到In fact, in Judaism, there were matchmakers例如犹太族,a long time ago, and though从很早以前就有媒人they didnt have an explicit algorithm per se,虽然他们没有,列出公式they definitely were running through formulas in their heads,但在脑子里,一定琢磨过这些问题like, is the girl going to like the boy?比如,女孩会喜欢男孩吗?Are the families going to get along?两家人能处得来吗?Whats the rabbi going to say?拉比(犹太教教师或法学导师)会怎么说?Are they going to start having children right away?他们会不会马上生孩子?And the matchmaker would sort of think through all of this,媒人们会,先想好这些问题put two people together, and that would be the end of it.再把两个人凑到一起,就完事了So in my case, I thought,而我呢,我想well, will data and an algorithm能不能通过数据和公式lead me to my Prince Charming?帮我找到白马王子?So I decided to sign on.我决定注册Now, there was one small catch.这里还有一个小插曲As Im signing on to the various dating websites,我开设了几个婚恋网帐户as it happens, I was really, really busy.碰巧那段时间特别,特别忙But that actually wasnt the biggest problem.不过那还不是,最大的问题The biggest problem is that I hate最大的,问题是filling out questionnaires of any kind,我讨厌填,问答表and I certainly dont like questionnaires尤其不喜欢,that are like Cosmo quizzes.时尚杂志小编爱问的题目201505/374868

Now in a sense, when we think about the effect of games on the brain,从某种意义上来说,我们可以认为对于大脑的影响its very similar to the effect of wine on the health.和酒对于健康的影响很相似。There are some very poor uses of wine.喝酒可能会造成很糟糕的结果,There are some very poor uses of games.玩也是。But when consumed in reasonable doses, and at the right age,但是如果在年龄合适的时候适当地喝一些,wine can be very good for health.酒可以很有利于健康。There are actually specific molecules that have been identified in red wine as leading to greater life expectancy.实际上,红酒已经被鉴定出含有能让人延年益寿的分子。So its the same way, like those action games have a number of ingredients that同样的,动作里也有能对大脑的可塑性,are actually really powerful for brain plasticity, learning, attention, vision, etc.学习,注意力,视力等方方面面有非常有力影响的成分。and so we need and were working on understanding what are those active ingredients所以我们现在需要做也正在做的就是了解这些积极的成分,so that we can really then leverage them to deliver better games,然后为了教育或病人的复原either for education or for rehabilitation of patients.真正地利用它们开发出更好的游戏。Now because we are interested in having an impact for education or rehabilitation of patients,既然我们关注的是对于教育和病人复原造成影响,we are actually not that interested in我们并不太关心那些how those of you that choose to play games for many hours on end perform.连续玩很多个小时的人的表现。Im much more interested in taking any of you我更感兴趣的是从你们中随便选一个人and showing that by forcing you to play an action game,然后明强迫你玩动作游戏I can actually change your vision for the better,能提高你的视力,whether you want to play that action game or not, right?不管你到底想不想玩动作游戏。Thats the point of rehabilitation or education.这也是医疗康复和教育的重点。Most of the kids dont go to school saying,大多数孩子不会上学的时候说;Great, two hours of math!;;太棒了!能上两个小时的数学课!;So thats really the crux of the research, and to do that, we need to go one more step.这也是做研究的难题,为了解决它,我们要往前再进一步。And one more step is to do training studies.而这往前的一步就是训练研究。So let me illustrate that step with a task which is called mental rotation.让我通过一个叫做“心智旋转”的任务告诉大家这一步到底是什么。Mental rotation is a task where Im going to ask you,心智旋转是一个要你们观察这个形状的任务,and again youre going to do the task, to look at this shape.这一次也需要大家都参与进来,Study it, its a target shape,看着它,这是我们的目标形状。and Im going to present to you four different shapes.现在我给你们看四个不同的形状。One of these four different shapes is actually a rotated version of this shape.这四个中的一个是由这个形状旋转得到的。I want you to tell me which one:我希望你们能告诉我是哪一个。the first one, second one, third one or fourth one?第一个,第二个,第三个还是第四个?Okay, Ill help you. Fourth one.好吧,这次我先公布,是第四个。One more. Get those brains working. Come on.再来一次。让你们的脑子动起来。Thats our target shape.这个是我们的目标形状。Third. Good! This is hard, right?第三个。很好!这有点难是吗?Like, the reason that I asked you to do that is because you really feel your brain cringing, right?我让大家做这个小游戏,就是因为它能让你们感到头脑在打结。It doesnt really feel like playing mindless action games.这和玩不需要动脑子的动作感觉不太一样。Well, what we do in these training studies is, people come to the lab,我们在训练研究中做的就是让来实验室的人they do tasks like this one,完成和这个任务类似的任务,we then force them to play 10 hours of action games.然后我们强迫他们玩十个小时的动作游戏。They dont play 10 hours of action games in a row.不是连续玩十个小时而是分散地玩,They do distributed practice, so little shots of 40 minutes several days over a period of two weeks.比如说在两周内的几天里每天花上40分钟。Then, once they are done with the training,然后等他们完成了训练,they come back a few days later and they are tested again on a similar type of mental rotation task.几天后再到实验室,并被测试相似类型的心智旋转任务的完成情况。201512/416864

  Look, it is true I have not managed to make everybody happy.看,我没办法做到让每个人都高兴。Six years into my presidency some people still say Im arrogant, aloof, condescending.六年总统任期间,一些人说我自大、冷漠、高人一等。Some people are so dumb.这些人真蠢。No wonder I dont meet with them.难怪我不与他们见面。And thats not all people say about me.然而人们说我的并不只有这些。A few weeks ago, Dick Cheney says he thinks Im the worst president of his lifetime.几个礼拜前,迪克·切尼说他认为我是他一生中最糟糕的总统。Which is interesting because I think Dick Cheney is the worst president of my lifetime.这非常有趣,因为我恰好认为迪克·切尼是我一生中最糟糕的总统。Quite a coincidence.多巧啊。I mean everybodys got something to say these days.我是说现如今所有人都在说三道四。Mike Huckabee recently said people shouldnt join our military until a true conservative is elected president.麦克·哈克比最近说,在一个真正的保守派当选总统前,人们不应该加入我们的军队。Think about that.想想看。It was so outrageous 47 Ayatollahs wrote us a letter trying to explain to Huckabee how our system works.这太离谱了,47个阿亚图拉给我们写信来向哈克比解释我们的系统是如何运作的。It gets worse.更糟糕的是,Just this week, Michele Bachmann actually predicted that I would bring about the biblical end of days.实际上就在本周,米歇尔·巴赫曼预言我会带来圣经的末日。Now, thats a legacy.这真是个传奇。Thats big.太牛了。I mean, Lincoln, Washington, they didnt do that.我是说,林肯,华盛顿,他们都没有做到。201512/414413

  These people succeeded because they understood that you cant let your failures define you -- you have to let your failures teach you. You have to let them show you what to do differently the next time. So if you get into trouble, that doesnt mean youre a troublemaker, it means you need to try harder to act right. If you get a bad grade, that doesnt mean youre stupid, it just means you need to spend more time studying.这些人士获得成功,是因为他们懂得:你不能让失败来限制你——而必须让失败来教导你。你必须让失败向你展示下次如何以不同的方式去做这件事情。所以,如果你遇到麻烦,那并不意味着你就是麻烦的制造者,而意味着你需要更加努力去把它做对。如果你有一门课分数低,那并不表示你笨,而只表示你需要花更多的时间学习。No ones born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work. Youre not a varsity athlete the first time you play a new sport. You dont hit every note the first time you sing a song. Youve got to practice. The same principle applies to your schoolwork. You might have to do a math problem a few times before you get it right. You might have to something a few times before you understand it. You definitely have to do a few drafts of a paper before its good enough to hand in.没有一个人天生擅长各种事情。你通过勤奋而变得擅长各种事情。第一次从事新的体育项目时,你不可能是一位主力队员。第一次唱一首歌时,你不可能唱准每一个音。你必须练习。同样的道理适用于你的学业。你可能要把一道数学题做几次才能做对。你可能要把一些材料阅读几遍才能理解。在交出一篇优秀作文之前,你肯定需要打几遍草稿。Dont be afraid to ask questions. Dont be afraid to ask for help when you need it. I do that every day. Asking for help isnt a sign of weakness, its a sign of strength because it shows you have the courage to admit when you dont know something, and that then allows you to learn something new. So find an adult that you trust -- a parent, a grandparent or teacher, a coach or a counselor—and ask them to help you stay on track to meet your goals.不要害怕提问。不要在需要帮助时害怕请求别人帮助。我天天那样做。请求帮助不是软弱的表现,它是力量的标志,因为它表明你有勇气承认自己对某些事情不懂,这样做回使你学到新的东西。因此,请确定一位你信任成年人——父母、祖父母或老师、教练或辅导员——请他们帮助你遵循既定计划实现你的目标。 /201304/236285。

  Exactly 30 minutes into the problem-solving the researchers interrupted each group 在他们开始解决问题30分钟时 研究人员们会打断各组 They entered the room bearing a plate of cookies. Four cookies 他们会拿着一盘饼干进入房间 The team consisted of three people and there were these four cookies 总共四块 小组里有三个人 但却有四块饼干 Every team member obviously got one cookie but that left a fourth cookie, just sitting there 显然每个成员分到了一块 但还剩下第四块放在那儿 It should have been awkward. But it wasnt 这本应该是个尴尬的处境 但事实并非如此 With incredible consistency the person arbitrarily appointed leader of the group grabbed the fourth cookie, and ate it 每个组的表现难以置信的一致 那个被随机任命做组长的人 拿了第四块饼干 并把它吃了 Not only ate it, but ate it with gusto lips smacking, mouth open, drool at the corners of their mouths 不仅吃了 而且吃的津津有味咂咂做响 大嚼特嚼 口水横流 In the end all that was left of the extra cookie were crumbs on the leaders shirt 最后那块饼干剩下的 只有组长衣领上的饼干渣了 So this leader had performed no special task 这位组长没有任何丰功伟绩 He had no special virtue 也没有过人的美德 Hed been chosen at random, 30 minutes earlier 他只是30分钟前随机被选的 His status was nothing but luck 他的身份除了运气什么都没有 But it still left him with the sense that the cookie should be his 但他仍然觉得饼干应该是他的 This experiment helps to explain Wall Street bonuses and CEO pay and Im sure lots of other human behavior 这个实验有助于解释华尔街的奖金和CEO薪酬 我也确信它还可以解释很多人类行为 This is how people behave when they blind there luck 这就是人们掩盖他们的幸运所做出的表现 But it also is relevant to you to new graduates of Princeton University 但它同时也和普林斯顿大学的 新毕业生有关 Because in a general sort of way 通过某种一般性的方式 you have been appointed the leader of the group 你已被任命为小组领袖 Your appointment may not be entirely arbitrary 你的任命不一定是完全随机的 But you must sense its arbitrary aspect you are the lucky few 但你必须意识到它的随机的那一面 你们是少数的幸运儿 Lucky in your parents lucky in your country lucky that a place like Princeton exists 幸运在于你有这样的父母 幸运在于你有这样的国家 幸运在于有普林斯顿这样的地方 that can take in lucky people introduce them to other lucky people and increase their chances of becoming even luckier 专门吸引幸运的人 把他们介绍给其他幸运的人 并增加他们更加幸运的机会 Lucky that you live in the richest society the world has ever seen in a time when no one actually expects you to sacrifice your interests to anything 幸运在于你正处于世界历史上最富饶的社会 处于一个没有人会要求你为任何事 牺牲自己的利益的时代 All of you have been faced with the extra cookie 你们都面对着那块多出来的饼干 All of you will be faced with many more of them 你们也将面对更多 In time you will find it easy to assume that you deserve the extra cookie 随着时间的推移 你会发现你很容易觉得 你本来就配得那块多出来的饼干 For all I know, you may deserve the extra cookie 就我所知 你可以这样认为 But youll be happier, and the world will be better off if you at least pretend that you dont 但你可以更快乐 这个世界也可以变得更美好 如果你能够至少假装你不配 So never forget, In the nations service 永远不要忘记 为国效力 In the service of all nations 为万国效力 Thank you. And good luck 谢谢 祝你们好运 201508/394164

  I love games.我爱Im also slightly in awe of them.也对它抱有些许敬畏Im in awe of their power我敬畏它们in terms of imagination, in terms of technology, in terms of concept.想象力,技术,概念方面的力量But I think, above all,但是最重要的是Im in awe at their power to motivate, to compel us, to transfix us,我所敬畏它们能够激励着,迫使着我们,让我们目瞪口呆,like really nothing else weve ever invented has quite done before.这是人类其它发明所不能企及的。And I think that we can learn some pretty amazing things我们从观察玩by looking at how we do this.中学到一些非常了不起的东西And in particular, I think we can learn things about learning.特别是,我想我们能学习关于学习的本质Now the games industry现在产业is far and away the fastest growing of all modern media.超速发展,远远领先于所有现代媒体From about 10 billion in 1990,从1990年代的大约100亿美元its worth 50 billion dollars globally today,到今天在全球范围内值500亿美元and it shows no sign of slowing down.它没有显示出放缓的迹象In four years time,在未来的四年里its estimated itll be worth over 80 billion dollars.据估计它的价值会超过800亿美元Thats about three times the recorded music industry.这大约是唱片行业的三倍This is pretty stunning,真的很惊人but I dont think its the most telling statistic of all.但我不认为这就是所有统计数据中最据说力的The thing that really amazes me is that, today,最使我惊讶的就是,今天people spend about eight billion real dollars a year人们每年花费大约80亿美元现金buying virtual items that only exist inside games.用于购买仅存于里的虚拟iTunes务This is a screenshot from the virtual game world, Entropia Universe.这是一个虚拟游戏世界的截图,来自《安特罗皮亚世界》Earlier this year,今年的早些时候a virtual asteroid in it sold for 330,000 real dollars.在里面一个虚拟的小行星卖到了33万美元现金And this is a Titan class ship in the space game, EVE Online.这是是一艘泰坦级的宇宙飞船来自太空游戏《星战前夜Online》And this virtual object takes 200 real people这个虚拟的物体需要200个真人about 56 days of real time to build,大约56个天建成plus countless thousands of hours of effort before that.还加上此前无数成千小时的前期工作And yet, many of these get built.类似这样被造出的还有很多At the other end of the scale,而另一方面the game Farmville that you may well have heard of,游戏《虚拟农场》,你也许早有耳闻has 70 million players around the world在全世界范围内拥有700亿玩家and most of these players are playing it almost every day.玩家中的绝大多数几乎每天都在玩This may all sound really quite alarming to some people,这也许听起来对一些人来说,这是一个很令人警惕的an index of something worrying or wrong in society.令人担忧的社会问题的象征But were here for the good news,但我们在这里讨论一些好消息and the good news is好消息就是that I think we can explore why this very real human effort,我们可以去探索为什么这种真实的人类劳动this very intense generation of value, is occurring.这么巨大的价值的创造会得以出现And by answering that question,借回答这个问题I think we can take something extremely powerful away.我觉得我们可以从中得到极其强大的信息。And I think the most interesting way我想最有趣的方式to think about how all this is going on is in terms of rewards.思考这些问题的角度就是奖赏。And specifically, its in terms of the very intense emotional rewards更具体来说,就是非常密集的情感奖赏,that playing games offers to people通过玩游戏提供给人们,both individually and collectively.既是个人的,也有集体的。Now if we look at whats going on in someones head如果我们观察一下某人的大脑,when they are being engaged, two quite different processes are occurring.当他们忙碌时是怎样运作的,两个相当不同的进程同时发生着。201511/410387Hi, everybody. Im speaking to you today from Springfield, Illinois.大家好!今天,我在伊利诺伊州斯普林费尔德市向大家演讲。I spent eight years in the state senate here. It was a place where, for all our surface differences in a state as diverse as Illinois, my colleagues and I actually shared a lot in common. We fought for our principles, and voted against each other, but because we assumed the best in one another, not the worst, we found room for progress. We bridged differences to get things done.在这里,我在州参议院度过了8年时间。在这里,我们国家所有表面上的差异与伊利诺伊州一样纷繁复杂,但我和我的同僚们有很多共同点。我们会为了原则争论,在投票上彼此互不相让,但因为我们认为彼此都是最好的,而不是最坏的,所以,我们为政治进步找到了空间。我们在彼此的差异之间寻求共同点,把事情做好。In my travels through this state, I saw most Americans do the same. Folks know that issues are complicated, and that people with different ideas might have a point. It convinced me that if we just approached our politics the same way we approach our daily lives, with common sense, a commitment to fairness, and the belief that were all in this together, theres nothing we cant do.在我行走在这里的路途上,我看到大部分美国人民也是这么做的。人们知道,事情总是复杂的,拥有不同观点的人们还是能找到共同点的。这也让我想到,如果我们对待政治也像我们对待日常生活一样,相信最基本的常识、坚持对公平的承诺、以及我们是一家人的信念,就没有我们做不到的事情。Thats why I announced, right here, in Springfield that I was running for President. And my faith in the generosity and fundamental goodness of the American people is rewarded every day.因此,我在这里宣布,在斯普林费尔德参选总统。我相信,慷慨大方、心地善良的美国人民每一天都应该得到回报。But Ill be the first to admit that the tone of our politics hasnt gotten better, but worse. Too many people feel like the system is rigged, and their voices dont matter. And when good people are pushed away from participating in our public life, more powerful and extreme voices will fill the void. Theyll be the ones who gain control over decisions that could send a young soldier to war, or allow another economic crisis, or roll back the rights that generations of Americans have fought to secure.但我也许是第一个承认我们的政治环境没有改善,反而正在恶化的人。有太多的人觉得这个系统被人操控了,人们的意见变得无关紧要。当好人被排挤在外,不再参与政治生活,更多的强权和极端力量则会趁虚而入。他们掌控决策的控制权之后,就会将年轻人送上战场,或是引发另一场经济危机,或是毁掉几代美国人民努力保护的各种公民权利。The good news is theres also a lot we can do about this, from reducing the influence of money in our politics, to changing the way we draw congressional districts, to simply changing the way we treat each other. Thats what I came back here to talk about this week. And I hope you check out my full speech at WhiteHouse.gov.好消息是,在这方面我们还可以做很多事情,这包括减少金钱对政治的影响,改变国会选区的划定,直接改变对待彼此的方式。这就是我本周回到这里,发表演讲要说的内容。我希望你们访问白宫官网(WhiteHouse.gov),回顾我全部的演讲内容。One thing I focused on, for example, was how we can make voting easier, not harder, and modernize it for the way we live now. Here in Illinois, a new law allows citizens to register and vote at the polls on Election Day. It also expands early voting, which makes it much easier for working folks and busy parents. Were also considering automatic voter registration for every citizen when they apply for a drivers license. And Im calling on more states to adopt steps like these. Because when more of us vote, the less captive our politics will be to narrow interests – and the better our democracy will be for our children.例如,我关注的一件事就是,如何让投票更容易,而不是更困难,并让投票与我们的生活一样现代化。在伊利诺伊州,一部新法律实施,允许公民在选举日当天在投票站注册投票,该法延长了提前投票时间,这为工薪人士和忙着带孩子的父母们提供了方便。我们还考虑让每个公民在申请驾照的时候可以自动获得选民登记。我也呼吁更多的州采取同样的措施。因为只有我们参与投票的人更多了,我们的政治被少数既得利益团体把控的几率才能更小,我们也才能给我们的后代留下更好的民主制度。Nine years after I first announced for this office, I still believe in a politics of hope. And for all the challenges of a changing world; for all the imperfections of our democracy; choosing a politics of hope is something thats entirely up to each of us.从我发表声明参选总统已经过去9年了,我依然对未来的政治充满希望。面对不断变化的世界的各种挑战,面对我们民主政治中的不完美,选择一个充满未来的政治,从某种程度上来说完全取决于我们每个人自身。Thanks, everybody.谢谢大家!201602/426119

  Hi, this is A.G. Lafley. And I would like to extend my deepest thanks to the Peter F. Drucker Academy in Hong Kong and Beijing for being chosen among the first Honoary Drucker Fellows. I am honored and I am humbled to be among such distinguished list of fellow honor ace.各位好,我是阿兰·乔治·雷夫利。在此十分感激香港和北京的彼得·德鲁克管理学院。我非常高兴能成为首批彼得·德鲁克管理学院的荣誉院士。能路身这么非凡的荣誉院士名单内,我感到很荣幸也很惭愧。Peter Drucker continues to be a great influence on me. I did not realize it at the time but I grow up with Peter. My father spent 25 years in management at GE and another decade in Chase Manhattan. He met Peter at GE’s Crotonvile management and training facility in the 1950s and always had Drucker’s books and he studied at home. Though I had no interest in business as a high school or undergraduate student I would through Drucker classic such as The Effective Executive and The Practice of Management. Later, when I was in the ed States navy I grew more interested in business, well running service and retail operations at US air base in Japan. And I returned to Drucker.彼得·德鲁克先生一直对我有莫大的影响,当时我并没有意识到,但是我却是在彼得·德鲁克先生的影响下成长起来的。我的父亲在通用电气做了 25年的管理工作,又在美国大通曼哈顿公司工作了10年。他是在20世纪50年代在通用电气的克劳顿管理及培训资源中心认识彼得的。此后我父亲在家经常学习德鲁克先生的著作。尽管我在高中及大学时期对商业并不感兴趣,但我已经拜读过德鲁克先生的经典著作,如《卓有成效的管理 者》及《管理的实践》。之后当我在美国海军工作时开始对商业感兴趣了。因为我当时负责美国海军航空驻日基地的务与零售营运。我重读了德鲁克的著作。I finally meet Peter in person at 1999. We talked for several hours for every question I posed Peter had one or two more things to think about. Persistently he urged me to choose to focus on a few wide strategies and decisions that would make a great difference for Pamp;G. He challenged me to understand the unique leadership challenges of managing and organization of knowledge workers in the 21st century. 我最终在1999年有幸亲自拜会了德鲁克先生。我们交谈了数个小时,我所提出的每一个问题,德鲁克先生都有一个或更多的想法和思考。他不断地激励我选择关注一些宏观的策略和商业决定以使得宝洁(Pamp;G )卓尔不凡。他也让我明白管理21世纪的知识工作者们是当今领袖所面对的独特挑战。201401/271684

  

  When, in 1960, still a student,1960年我还是学生时,I got a traveling fellowship拿到出国留学的奖学金,to study housing in North America.研究北美的住宅建筑。We traveled the country.我们游遍美国,We saw public housing high-rise buildings in all major cities:看到所有大城市里的公共住宅大楼:New York, Philadelphia.象是纽约、费城。Those who have no choice lived there.那些人别无选择,只能住在那里。And then we traveled from suburb to suburb,之后我们参访各个郊区,and I came back thinking,回来后我想weve got to reinvent the apartment building.我们应该重新创造公寓建筑。There has to be another way of doing this.应该要有其它方式来盖这些房子。We cant sustain suburbs,我们无法做到郊区般的住宅质量,so lets design a building那就设计一座建筑,which gives the qualities of a house to each unit.让家家户户都能拥有像一栋房屋般的质量。Habitat would be all about gardens,;栖地;最重要的就是花园,contact with nature,与自然和街道亲近,streets instead of corridors.而非面对窄小回廊。We prefabricated it so we would achieve economy,为了节省经费,我们运用组合屋,and there it is almost 50 years later.这个地方存在将近50年了,Its a very desirable place to live in.还是个让人向往入住的地区。Its now a heritage building,现在已经是老建筑了,but it did not proliferate.但这种建筑并没有扩张出去。In 1973, I made my first trip to China.我在1973年首次造访中国,It was the Cultural Revolution.当时正值文化大革命时期。We traveled the country,我们走遍全国,met with architects and planners.和一些建筑师、规划师见面。This is Beijing then,这是当时的北京,not a single high rise building没有一栋高楼大厦in Beijing or Shanghai.存在北京或上海之中。Shenzhen didnt even exist as a city.深圳甚至谈不上是个城市,There were hardly any cars.那里连车子都没有。Thirty years later,30年后,this is Beijing today.这是现在的北京。This is Hong Kong.这是香港。If youre wealthy, you live there,如果你很有钱,就会住在这,if youre poor, you live there,如果你很穷,就会住在这,but high density it is, and its not just Asia.但并非只有亚洲的环境如此密集。So Paulo, you can travel圣保罗也是,in a helicopter 45 minutes你可以花45分钟在直升机上,seeing those high-rise buildings consume看那些高楼大厦吞噬the 19th-century low-rise environment.19世纪矮房子的环境。And with it, comes congestion,结果造成交通壅塞、and we lose mobility, and so on and so forth.城市拥挤等问题。So a few years ago, we decided to go back因此几年前,and rethink Habitat.我们决定回头重新思考;栖地;。Could we make it more affordable?我们能让价格更平易近人吗?Could we actually achieve this quality of life我们真能达到这样的生活质量,in the densities that are prevailing today?即使是在现今普遍稠密的环境吗?And we realized, its basically about light,我们了解基本上和光源有关,its about sun, its about nature,和太阳有关,和自然有关,its about fractalization.和碎形化有关。Can we open up the surface of the building我们能不能展开建筑的表面,so that it has more contact with the exterior?让它和外界有更多接触?We came up with a number of models:我们想出一些模型:economy models, cheaper to build and more compact;经济实惠的模型,建造的费用更低、更精巧;membranes of housing膜状的住房where people could design their own house大家可以设计自宅的外部,and create their own gardens.打造自己的花园。201504/367922。

  Baumeister and his colleagues鲍迈斯特和他的同事们have shown that taking certain actions to improve willpower已经明 采取某些行动来提高意志力is the surest way to a more successful life是实现更成功的人生的最可靠的途径Moreover, theyve shown that willpower is like a muscle此外 他们也已明 意志力就像肌肉that can be built with practice可以通过锻炼来强化but also that if you dont actively exercise your willpower而且如果你不积极锻炼你的意志力your capacity to do so will atrophy你的能力就会像你的腹部肌肉一样just like your stomach muscles if you stop doing sit-ups在停止做仰卧起坐之后会出现萎缩Theyve even learned that because willpower is associated with a certain part of your brain他们甚至还了解到 由于意志力与大脑的某些部位有关maintaining glucose levels in your blood to feed that part of your brain保持血液里的血糖水平来滋养大脑的这个部位is critical for sustaining your willpower对于维持意志力至关重要Looked at from another angle从另一个角度看a group of researchers has shown that, more than talent一些研究人员已经明 与天赋相比practice is what determines mastery over any given skill or ability实践才是决定能否掌握任何技能或能力的主要因素Malcolm Gladwell, in his book Outliers马尔科姆?格拉德威尔在他的《局外人》一书中popularized an important body of work that showed推广的一项重要研究成果表明that the path to mastery requires 10,000 hours of practice达到精通之路需要10000个小时的练习Books with titles like ;talent is overrated; have been published to make the point《天赋被高估了》等书的出版就是为了说明这一点Now I want you to know现在 我希望你们了解that theres really good news here这里实际上有个好消息especially for Northeastern graduates尤其是对东北大学的毕业生来说201502/359481

  And youre got to be able to go over a number of various service providers must both... to be able to get there in the network. And at the same time the customers or system integrators would have to help to make those products work more effectively together and focus on contact applications. So you are gonna see a generation of partnerships. For Cisco as an example we begin to look which line we are gonna head and which line we will align a number of PC companies, cable modem companies, network computer companies, etc. We are going to strategically align with the people we think have the highest probability of influence in these Internet plans. We would do the same thing on the side of the house. We will look at which service providers are really going to push the technology to the fastest and will align the Internet strategy that we will really allow them competitive advantage lower cost of ownership in the kind of market. And we will also look at which system integrators you want to align with as you move forward. How many people in this room really two years ago thought a system of integrators, whose business used to be to combine various products make work together would ever allow the key vender. And this is the type of partnerships that will help to mass the complexity in the industry as we move forward. And those venders and companies in our industry who understand how to do this — how to partner, align, and strategically align will be the ones who lead the industry.这需要许多不同的务供应商给你提供务。同时,顾客或系统整合商都有助于使网络更加有效。所以说,我们正处于合作时代。以思科公司为例,我们正在攀求与众多个人电脑公司、电缆调制解调器公司以及网络计算机公司进行多方面的战略合作。在家庭务器这方面,我们也是朝合作的方向努力着。 我们正在寻找哪个务提供商会更快地推动科技进步并制定相应的互联网政策。我们会让他们在这类市场中拥有许多低成本产品,从而具备竞筆力。我们也会关注你希望在发展中同哪个系统整合商合作。在座各位,两年前,有多少人可以想象一个组合不同产品的公司 、可以成为核心供应商呢?这种合作有助于减少前进中工业的复杂性。我们行业中的这些供应商和公司懂得如何做、如何 合作、如何安排。懂得有策略地合作的结盟者将成为领头羊。In short, the Internet will change everything. We started off by saying that the Industrial Revolution brought together the machines and the people and the factories. The Internet revolution brings together people, and information and virtual companies around the world. And our role with the company, if we execute properly, is to enable the Internet generation. Thank you very, very much for joining us today. Have a good day!简而言之,网络会改变一切。我在演讲一开始说工业革命把机器、人民和工厂集合在一起,互联网革命也会把世界上的人们、信息以及虚拟公司集合在一起,而我们在公司里扮演的角色就是是否能使互联 网一代变得强大。非常感谢今天你们的加入。祝大家拥有愉快的一天!201408/323750

  Hillary Clinton: The story of America is a story of hard-fought, hard-won progress. And it continues today. Groom: I cant believe were here. Hillary Clinton: New chapters are being written by men and women who believe that all of us, not just some, but all should have the chance to live up to our God-given potential. Groom: The reason I cant believe it is because... Hillary Clinton: This progress was not easily won. People fought and organized and campaigned in public squares and private spaces to change not only laws, but hearts and minds. Groom: I remember all of the thoughts that ran through my head when I started to realize that I was gay. Why me? What am I gonna do? Will anyone love me? Ill never get married. Thats the one that really hurt. Ill never get married. Hillary Clinton: And thanks to that work of generations for millions of individuals barriers that once prevented people from enjoying the full measure of liberty... Groom: I felt sad. Hillary Clinton: ...the full experience of dignity... Groom: I felt alone. Hillary Clinton: ...and the full benefits of humanity have fallen away. Groom: Ill never feel alone. I love you.Hillary Clinton: Some have suggested that gay rights and human rights are separate and distinct. But in fact they are one and the same. Being LGBT does not make you less human. And that is why gay rights are human rights and human rights are gay rights.201508/391966

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