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时间:2017年12月16日 09:33:37

Eat by tree light在圣诞树下进餐After the tree is decorated, have a meal around it. Turn off all the lights except for those on the tree, and admire its beauty. This is an especially good idea after a stressful afternoon spent Christmas shopping at the mall.当圣诞树装饰好后,在树下进餐。关掉除了那些装饰树的灯,静静欣赏它的美。当你下午筋疲力尽疯狂地圣诞购物之后,这样的做法真是一个非常不错的主意。That’s one reason why Carolyn A. Clarke, a Reader’s Digest er and mother from Manassas, VA., has made eating around the tree a family tradition. “Young kids enjoy tree lights,” she says, “and they seem to have a calming effect on them.”这也是《读者文摘》的忠实读者、一位来自弗吉尼亚州马纳萨斯的母亲,卡罗莱恩·A·克拉克之所以会选择把全家人聚在树下吃饭作为家庭传统的一个原因了。她说:“孩子们很喜欢树上的灯,这些灯似乎有中能使他们安静的魔力。” /201312/268624

This Sunday, a handful of stars will go home empty handed from the 2014 Academy Awards show. Not only will they be left with the bitter sting of defeat, but such loss may also lead to shorter lifespans than the winners.Seriously. Social status has long been recognized as a predictor for poor health. Typically, research has focused on disparities between the rich and the poor. But science tells us that the effect may extend to quite literally the top of social ladder. In fact, Oscar winners may also have the perk of longevity.The finding was first noticed in 2001. Researchers from the University of Toronto studied 1,649 Oscar-nominated actors and actresses. When they accounted for factors that could influence death rates, they found that among the participants, Oscar winners had a survival advantage of about four extra years of life, and actors who won multiple Oscars had an advantage of six years. Nominees who didn’t win had the same survival rates as their non-nominated peers.这几天不少明星将会从奥斯卡上空手而归,留给他们的不仅仅是苦涩的失败,还可能会减寿。这个现象是在2001年首次被发现的。多伦多大学的研究人员对1649位获得奥斯卡提名男女演员进行研究,发现奥斯卡获奖者大概可以多四年寿命,而多次获奖的演员会多六年的寿命,只是被提名和连提名都没有的寿命是差不多的。Success could possibly account for the survival advantage, the researchers say. They speculate that since stars are subjected to intense personal scrutiny, they pay special attention to their looks and behaviors. Consequently, they may avoid risky behavior and focus more intensively on eating and exercise. Not to mention, many have the means to hire nannies, trainers, and managers, which could mean they are under less stress than the general population.Of course, there are the exceptions, like Oscar winner Philip Seymour Hoffman who died recently after an overdose. Another study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine questioned the methods of the 2001 study. The original study was criticized for counting the years an actor was alive, instead of comparing years after a win. They also declared winners and losers at the onset, and didn’t factor in whether actors in the study won an award later on. When the new researchers re-calculated, they didn’t find the numbers significant.If the findings do hold true, it could mean that there are other factors that impact survival, like a jump in social status. Looks like we will have to wait and see.研究人员说,这是因为获奖明星会有强烈的自我监督,会特别注意自己的外表和行为。因此,他们会避免那些危险的行为,并且更加注意饮食和锻炼。更不用说他们有经济实力聘请那些保姆,教练和经纪人了,因为这就意味着他们受到的压力比一般人更少。当然也有例外,如奥斯卡影帝霍夫曼最近就因为用药物过量而去世。 /201403/278818


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